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At least TWO historical documents which converge about an event are required by universities as reasonable proof about that event. TWO historical documents concerning Great Pyramid construction are listed below.


Ezekiel 1-29 decoded via the re-discovery of ancient Egypt's four-lobe pinion-pulley (27 August 2006) via composite artifacts, proves Khufu's Great Pyramid was constructed with mass production techniques requiring well developed critical flow analysis for perfect completion within the documented twenty year time-frame. The four-lobe pinion-pulleys are Ezekiel's "wheels within wheels" machines. RAMPLESS Pyramid construction began with Pharaoh Sneferu's RED Pyramid at Dahshur, and later at Giza for the Pyramids of Pharaohs Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure. Please keep reading carefully - do not preemt anything until you have studied the ancient historical documents and ancient artifacts this re-discovery is very firmly founded upon.


Four critical pieces of historical evidence converge to one explanation ... multiple step-walking pulleys were used in a well organised mass-production frenzy ...

1 ... Existing Pharaonic models of the four-lobe pinion-pulley ... excavated AD 1895 ... one lobe handed to William Petrie onsite at Dier el Bahari for his Petrie Museum in London

2 ... Ezekiel historical document - c.590 BC ........... "Wheels within wheels" machines described in the Bible ... Old Testament ... gleaned from exiles at Khebar

3 ... Herodotus historical document - c.450 BC ...... absolutely correct reporting from what was personally gleaned from Egyptian priest historians in 450 BC

4 ... Numerous ancillary artifacts ... extremely strong papyrus rope ... integrated triple rope sheeves of stone ... Lebanese Cedar imported for the pulleys

These four Pyramids were constructed using a unique type of wooden pulley, hitherto unknown in the modern world.

The Pharaonic pinion-pulley operates on Class 2 lever principle (Effort-Load-Pivot) with a Mechanical Advantage of 2.8 (MA=2.8), therefore technically qualifies as a MACHINE. This jargon means that a 2500 kg Pyramid block can be hoisted with a lifting effort equivalent to 900 kg.

The pulley makes Pyramid construction effective and very efficient and without any need for ramps simply because the four stepped sides of the Pyramid are used progressively throughout construction.

Petrie rockers.jpg Cross-Pegged Rope-Drum.jpg



The MA (Mechanical Advantage) of this ancient pulley is = Output/Input or Load/Effort, which in this case is 2500kg/900kg = 2.8 ...... MA=2.8

machine.jpgf pinion-pulley lobe quadrant.jpg Ezekiel's wheel within a wheel.jpg

Herodotus reported absolutely correctly, however many people prefer anything but the truth. You see there is no mention of RAMP or RAMPS, so please ask yourself, why do the invented modern comedies of errors exist and are offered as ancient Egyptian history ! ?

Ezekiel writes of machines thus,"their rims were high and awesome, and all four rims were full of eyes all around."

A Pyramid block with pulleys fitted is about one metre wide and one and a half metres high. When numerous pulleys were ascending the Pyramid during the cool of night by firelight, the scene would certainly be high and awesome.

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Ezekiel writes of what appears to be the lifting devices used to fit the pulley lobes (faces with eyes all around/wings) which he writes are straight with a calf shaped foot made of bronze.

"And this was their appearance: they had the form of men, but each had four faces, and each of them had four wings. Their legs were straight, and the soles of their feet were like the sole of a calf's foot; and they sparkled like burnished bronze."

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These devices are known as "clawlifts" and are fully explained in the book, RAISING STONE 1. I suspected the clawlifts were made of timber and their feet strengthened with bronze plates. There is no need to consider Ezekiel mentally sick and there is no need to entertain any ideas of UFO's and aliens. The building of the Pyramids was a dramatic event of ancient times using the latest technology involving machinery. This machinery was designed and manufactured by MAN, and having the strength of an OX, could soar like an EAGLE and leap like a LION. The four faces are the associated attributes of the machinery itself. The CHERUBS are the pulleys climbing as if alive and their WINGS are the pulley lobes which touch each other as they are tied together around a beryl coloured sandstone block to be part of the THRONE. The THRONE is the Pyramid. The NOISE and WHIRLWIND refer to much activity onsite at Giza. (This ancient bible documented report is dated c.590 BC)


Wheelbarrow.jpg


Phaoronic rollers.jpg


Captain Matthew Flinders.jpg Petrie.jpg

Captain Matthew Flinders (1774 - 1814), famous navigator and cartographer of Australia's coast. Flinders suggested the name 'Australia' which was adopted in 1824. His grandson became a leading excavator and curator of Egyptian artifacts known to everyone as "Petrie". He became Professor Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie (1853 - 1942).

Edwards.jpg

Amelia Ann Blandford Edwards toured Egypt during 1873-74 with friends and saw Egyptian artifacts needed to be preserved. In London, Amelia and Reginald Stuart Poole founded the Egypt Exploration Fund, which is now known as the Egypt Exploration Society.

Petrie was paid 250 British Pounds per month from the Fund to excavate in Egypt. In 1895 Petrie was excavating at Deir El-Bahari and excavated wooden items that have become known as "Petrie rockers". Petrie suspected these items were used for the construction of the Pyramids and his assumption has been proven correct.

Petrie had excavated wooden pinion-pulley lobe quadrants which are components of an ancient pulley hitherto unknown in the modern world. This pulley surrounds its load, which is a Pyramid block, and then as it is hoisted the pulley step-walks the Pyramid's stepped layers with a mechanical advantage of 2.8 (MA=2.8).

Petrie died in Jerusalem unknowing that "Petrie rockers" are components of an ancient pulley and one of the most important excavations he made.

The book "Raising Stone 1" is in the Egypt Exploration Society Library in London and explains the operation of the ancient Egyptian four-lobe pinion-pulley with relevant and specific background material.

A Pyramid progressively under construction already has four sides of steps upon which step-climbing pulleys can step-walk stones upward, similar to how three wheels of a step-trolley move over steps. Ancient Egyptian engineers were intelligent and innovative having built four Pyramids at least without using ramps, those of Pharaohs Sneferu (Red Pyramid), Khufu, Khafre & Menkaure.

Students of Ancient History are now discovering this no-nonsense ancient method of Pyramid construction by studying "Raising Stone 1"

 

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Qin metal-working of chromium steel and Qin terracota army - Song mass-production machines - must see !

The Greek Antikythera Mechanism

Antikythera Mechanism in Virtual Reality ... exploding and assembling ... must see !

Antikythera Mechanism - Greek meshed gear wheels c.100BC - University of Macedonia

Erich von Däniken and Josef Franz Blumrich

Gobekli Tepe - in Turkey's south east - amazing and puzzling

Puma Punku video - Good viewing but I do not endorse any "aliens must have done it" rhetoric.

Puma Punku (estimated at least 15000 BC, but unknown) makes the Giza Pyramids look like children's play blocks

Lost Nubia - a catalogue of early photography of high quality

Jon DePew Coral Castle Code with numerous interesting links

Gigal Research, research and discoveries of French Explorer Antoine Gigal

"Giza for Humanity", in French and English

The Encyclopaedia of Ancient Egyptian Architecture by Dieter Arnold et. al.

http://hbar.phys.msu.ru/gorm/ahist/arnold/arnold.htm - Chapter VI - Dieter Arnold - (includes "rocker")

http://www.pereplet.ru/gorm/ahist/arnold/arnold.htm - English with Russian header (included should one site go offline)

Ancient Egypt Arts and Crafts - William Matthew Flinders Petrie - published 1910

Raising Stone I - Australian Libraries

Giza Pyramid construction method has Australian linkage

Giza Pyramid construction - the ancient method

Ezekiel's Vision is about Giza Pyramid construction

My book Raising Stone I is available on the Sellers page here and Worldwide at:

Auckland City Central Library, New Zealand, 932 H15 - Auckland University Library, New Zealand, Engineering Library DT63.H35 2006 - Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Chatby, Egypt, Call Number 932 H1491 - British Library, London, Oriental Collection YD.2008.a.8899, Dewey Classification 932.12 22 - British Museum Library, London - Cambridge University Library, London - Dushanbe State Library, Tajikistan - Homestead Library, Florida USA, Call Number 932.12HAI - Khavaran Public Library, Tehran, Iran - Lichfield Library, Midlands, England, UK, Shelved at 932 - Library of Congress, Washington, DC, USA, Call Number DT63.H35 2007 - Ottawa State Library, Canada - The Egypt Exploration Society Library, London, Call Number LIB PA.1 HAI - Sackler Library, Floor 1, Oxford University, London, Call Number 336Hai